The Economic Espionage Act makes the theft or misappropriation of trade secrets a criminal offense. “Dumpster Diving” is known as taking papers from trash receptacles. It is a tactic used by commercial information brokers. As determined by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1998, stealing trash is not illegal. There is no expectation of privacy or continued ownership of trash left out for pickup. Therefore, you should not leave any important documents of any kind in your trash. All businesses and individuals can be affected by the EEA.